General dietary guidelines

  1. Control calories and carbohydrates
  2. Eat meals and snacks at regular set times
  3. Eat foods low in fat such as fruits, vegetables, lean meats, fish, low-fat dairy products and whole grains
  4. Fruit contains many nutrients, but it also contains carbohydrates — limiting fruit to 3-4 servings each day is ideal, and whole fruits are best
  5. Limit high-fat foods such as potato chips, ice cream, cheese, bacon, sausage, butter, donuts, oils, mayonnaise and some salad dressings
  6. Broil, bake, boil or grill food; avoid frying
  7. Eat more vegetables, cooked or raw — focus on non-starchy vegetables, such as spinach, salad greens, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts, asparagus, tomatoes, celery or zucchini instead of starchy vegetables like corn and potatoes
  8. Choose whole foods over highly processed foods
  9. Minimize added sugars and refined grains such as soda, juice, white bread, white rice, white pasta and white flour
  10. Drink more calorie-free drinks like water, unsweetened tea or diet soda
  11. Eat sweets in small portions and on a limited basis
  12. Caution: some “diet” foods may be high in fat and calories, so be sure to read the label

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